Until the late 1970s, the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union agreed on draft provisions banning all testing, temporarily banning NPEs, and creating a system of verification, including on-site inspections. However, the parties remained at odds over the exact details of the audit and discussions would dissipate permanently with the departure of President Jimmy Carter in 1981.  August 1997: A « seismic event » occurs near the Russian nuclear test site at Novaya Smlya. According to early reports, this is a Russian nuclear test. However, the U.S. government later realized that the event took place in the Arctic Ocean, 130 km from the Russian test site, and the data indicates that the event was indeed an earthquake. Linus Pauling, whose latter organized an anti-test petition signed by more than 9,000 scientists in 43 countries (including Albert Einstein, frail and older).   April 8, 1958: President Eisenhower proposes a technical conference to review the revision of the test bans. The citizens of the United States are joined by European citizens, led by the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, to create a climate of support for a test moratorium and test ban negotiations.
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