After the conquest of Austria in March, we were confronted with this problem in our debates. I dared to appeal to the government to go a little further than the Prime Minister and promise that, in cooperation with France and other powers, they would guarantee the security of Czechoslovakia, while the German-Sudeten question would be examined either by a Commission of the League of Nations or by another impartial body. and I still believe that events would not have fallen into this catastrophic state if this path had been followed. I am voting for my friend on the right, the member for Sparkbrook (Mr. Amery), when he says on this occasion, « Do one or the other; either to say that you will be completely disinterested in the matter, or to take the measure of giving a guarantee that is most likely to ensure the protection of this country. In his post-war memoirs, Churchill, an opponent of appeasement, singled out Poland and Hungary, both of which later annexed parts of Czechoslovakia along with Poland and Hungary, with Germany as « vultures on the carcass of Czechoslovakia. »  Italy strongly supported Germany in Munich and a few weeks later, in October 1938, tried to use its advantage to impose new demands on France. Mussolini called for a free port in Djibouti, control of the Addis Ababa-Djibouti railway, Italian participation in the administration of the Suez Canal Company, a form of Franco-Italian condominium over Tunisia and the preservation of Italian culture in French Corsica without French assimilation of the people. France rejects these demands and begins to threaten naval maneuvers as a warning to Italy.  From September 29 to 30, 1938, an emergency meeting of the major European powers was held in Munich – without Czechoslovakia or the Soviet Union, an ally of France and Czechoslovakia.
An agreement was quickly reached on Hitler`s terms. It was signed by the leaders of Germany, France, Britain and Italy. Militarily, the Sudetenland was of strategic importance to Czechoslovakia, as most of its border defenses were there to protect against a German attack. The agreement between the four powers was signed in the context of a low-intensity German-Czechoslovak war, which had begun on September 17, 1938. Meanwhile, Poland moved its army units to its common border with Czechoslovakia after September 23, 1938.  Czechoslovakia yielded to diplomatic pressure from France and Britain and agreed on September 30 to cede territories to Germany on Munich terms. .